Legal Materials on Tibet

Charter of the Tibetans-In-Exile



Equality Before the Law - Article 9. All Tibetan citizens shall be equal before the law and shall enjoy the rights and freedoms set forth in this Charter without discrimination on grounds of birth, sex, race, religion, language, lay or ordained status, social origin, rich or poor.

Religious Freedom - Article 10. All religious denominations are equal before the law. Every Tibetan shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. These religious rights include the freedom to manifest one's beliefs, to receive initiation into religious traditions, and to practice with matters relating to religious commitment, such as preaching or worship of any religion, either alone or in community with others.

Right to Vote and Nomination of Candidates for the Assembly - Article 11. Subject to laws depriving the right to vote, all Tibetan citizens who have attained the age of eighteen shall be entitled to the right to vote. Subject to laws depriving the right to nomination, all Tibetan citizens who have attained the age of 25 shall be entitled to be a nominee.

Other Fundamental Rights and Freedoms - Article 12. Subject to any law imposing restrictions in the immediate and ultimate interest of the Tibetan people and for the benefit of the public, and subject to legal restrictions imposed by the Tibetan Assembly during the tenureship of a civil servant, all Tibetans shall be entitled to the following rights and freedoms:

(a) freedom of life, liberty and property;

(b) freedom of speech and expression;

(c) freedom of movement;

(d) the right to publish and distribute newspapers, periodicals, articles and other writings;

(e) freedom to assemble peacefully without arms;

(f) when charged and required to appear before a court of law, the right to free legal counsel and interpreter should a person lack necessary means;

(g) the right to form and become a member of any religious, cultural, economic, or trade union or other association;

(h) freedom of employment in the Tibetan Administration, or any other institution under its jurisdiction, according to qualification;

(i) the right to practice any profession or carry out any trade or business enterprise or occupation, including acquisition of land and property, in accordance with the law of the respective host countries;

(j) the right of children under the age of 14 years not to be employed in manual labor.

Obligations of Citizens - Article 13. All Tibetan citizens shall fulfill the following obligations:

(a) bear true allegiance to Tibet;

(b) faithfully comply and observe the Charter and the laws enshrined therein;

(c) endeavor to achieve the common goal of Tibet;

(d) pay taxes imposed in accordance with the laws; and

(e) perform such obligations as may be imposed by law in the event of a threat to the interest of Tibet or other public catastrophe.

Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Duties - Article 14. Subject to restrictions imposed by law, as specified in Article 12 of this Charter, all Tibetans shall have the right to approach the Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission, and all Tibetan Local Justice Commissions, in the event of violation of rights. The above Justice Commissions are entitled to issue such orders as are necessary to protect these rights as specified therein.

Charter of the Tibetans-In-Exile

Tibet Justice Center Home | Legal Materials on Tibet | Tibet